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INCO Terms


Inco terms make international trade easier and help traders in different countries to understand one another. These standard trade definitions are most commonly used in international contracts and are protected by ICC copyright.

When negotiating an international sales contract, both parties need to pay as much attention to the terms of sale as to the sales price. To make it as clear as possible, an international set of trade terms (INCOTERMS) has been adopted by most countries that defines exactly the responsibilities and risks of both the buyer and seller including while the merchandise is in transit. The following chart summarizes the responsibilities of both the buyer and seller for each of the current 13 INCOTERMS. In addition, a definition for each term is included at the bottom of the page

 

EXW

FCA

FAS

FOB

CFR

CIF

CPT

CIP

DAT

DAP

DDP

SERVICES

Ex Works

Free Carrier

Free Alongside Ship

Free Onboard Vessel

Cost & Freight

Cost Insurance & Freight

Carriage Paid To

Carriage Insurance Paid To

Delivered at Terminal

Delivered at Place

Delivered
Duty
Paid

Warehouse Storage

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Warehouse Labour

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Export Packing

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Loading Charges

Buyer

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Inland Freight

Buyer

Buyer/
Seller*

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Terminal Charges

Buyer

Buyer

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Forwarder's Fees

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Loading On Vessel

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Ocean/Air Freight

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Charges On  Arrival At Destination

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Seller

Duty, Taxes & Customs Clearance

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Seller

Delivery To Destination

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Buyer

Seller



Origin Terms

EXW - Ex-Works, named place where shipment is available to the buyer, not loaded.
The seller will not contract for any transportation.

International Carriage NOT Paid by Seller

FCA - Free Carrier, unloaded at the seller's dock OR a named place where shipment is available to the international carrier or agent, not loaded. This term can be used for any mode of transport.

FAS - Free Alongside Ship, named ocean port of shipment. Ocean shipments that are NOT containerized.

FOB - Free On Board vessel, named ocean port of shipment. This term is used for ocean shipments only where it is important that the goods pass the ship's rail.

International Carriage Paid by the Seller

CFR - Cost and Freight, Named ocean port of destination. This term is used for ocean shipments that are not containerized.

CIF - Cost, Insurance and Freight, named ocean port of destination. This term is used for ocean shipments that are not containerized.

CPT - Carriage Paid To, named place or port of destination. This term is used for air or ocean containerized and roll-on roll-off shipments.

CIP - Carriage and Insurance Paid To, named place or port of destination. This term is used for air or ocean containerized and roll-on roll-off shipments.

DAT – Seller pays for carriage to the terminal, except for costs related to import clearance, and assumes all risks up to the point that the goods are unloaded at the terminal.

DAP – Seller pays for carriage to the named place, except for costs related to import clearance, and assumes all risks prior to the point that the goods are ready for unloading by the buyer.
How Can We Help.
We deliver perfect solutions that work for you. We'd love to help you. We take care to ensure that we execute your shipments in line with the requirements as prescribed by the Indian customs Authorities and the Airline to ensure a hassle free delivery. With the backup of an experienced operation staff we ensure correct handling.